Two Highly Stable Silver Nanoparticles: Surface Plasmon Resonance Spectra Study of Silver Nanoparticles Capped with m-Hydroxybenzoic Acid and p-Hydroxybenzoic Acid

Full Text
Gusrizal Gusrizal, Sri Juari Santosa, Eko Sri Kunarti, Bambang Rusdiarso


Silver nanoparticles capped with m-hydroxybenzoic acid and p-hydroxybenzoic have been successfully synthesized, but the long-term stability data of these silver nanoparticles are not available. In this paper, we report the stability of these two types of silver nanoparticles for a period of 40 weeks observation based on the change of surface plasmon resonance spectra of silver nanoparticles. Silver nanoparticles were synthesized by reduction of silver nitrate with m-hydroxybenzoic acid and p-hydroxybenzoic acid without addition of capping agent. The presence of silver nanoparticles was indicated by the appearance of yellow color due to the surface plasmon resonance of silver nanoparticles. The resulted silver nanoparticles were stored at room temperature and further UV-visible spectrophotometer was used to follow the change in surface plasmon resonance spectra. The surface plasmon resonance spectra of silver nanoparticles were overlapped for the first 18 weeks, followed by little change in the position of absorption maxima (lmax), peak intensity, and width of the absorption peak until the week of 40. Silver nanoparticles capped with m-hydroxybenzoic acid and silver nanoparticles capped with p-hydroxybenzoic acid were highly stable which should make them suitable for further applications. The results show the potential of m-hydroxybenzoic acid and p-hydroxybenzoic acid to become a new reducing agent in the synthesis of highly stable silver nanoparticles. The m-hydroxybenzoic acid and p-hydroxybenzoic acid appeared to act as both reducing and capping agent.


hydroxybenzoic acid, nanoparticles, silver, surface plasmon resonance


Adegboyega, N.F., Sharma, V.K., Siskova, K., Zboril, R., Sohn, M., Schultz, B.J., & Banerjee, S. (2013). Interactions of aqueous Ag+ with fulvic acids: Mechanisms of silver nanoparticle formation and investigation of stability. Environmental Science and Technology, 47, 757-764.

Agnihotri, S., Mukherji, S., & Mukerji, S. (2014). Size-controlled silver nanoparticle synthesized over the range 5-100 nm using the same protocol and their antibacterial efficacy. RSC Advances, 4, 3974-3983.

Annadhasan, M., Muthukumarasamyvel, T., Babu, V.R.S., & Rajendiran, N. (2014). Green synthesized silver and gold nanoparticles for colorimetric detection of Hg2+, Pb2+, and Mn2+ in aqueous medium. ACS Sustainable Chemistry and Engineering, 2, 887-896.

Bastus, N.G., Merkoci. F., Piella, J., & Puntes, V. (2014). Synthesis of highly monodisperse citrate-stabilized silver nanoparticles up to 200 nm: Kinetic control and catalytic properties. Chemistry of Materials, 26, 2836-2846.

Gunsolus, I.L., Mousavi, M.P.S., Hussein, K., Bühlmann, P., & Haynes, C.L. (2015). Effects of humic and fulvic acids on silver nanoparticle stability, dissolution, and toxicity. Environmental Science and Technology, 49, 8078-8086.

Gusrizal, G., Santosa, S.J., Kunarti, E.S., & Rusdiarso, B. (2016). Dual function of p-hydroxybenzoic acid as reducing and capping agent in rapid and simple formation of stable silver nanoparticles. International Journal of ChemTech Research, 9, 472-482.

Gusrizal, G., Santosa, S.J., Kunarti, E.S., & Rusdiarso, B. (2017). Synthesis of silver nanoparticles by reduction of silver ion with m-hydroxybenzoic acid. Asian Journal of Chemistry, 29, 1417-1422.

Krutyakov, Y.A., Kudrinskiy, A.A., Olenin, A.Y., & Lisichkin, G.V. (2008). Synthesis and properties of silver nanoparticles: Advances and prospects. Russian Chemical Reviews, 77, 233-257.

Lee, P.C. & Meisel, D. (1982). Adsorption and surface-enhanced Raman of dyes on silver and gold sols. Journal of Physical Chemistry, 86, 3391-3395.

Marambio-Jones & Hock, E.M.V. (2010). A review of the antibacterial effects of silver nanomaterials and potential implications for human health and the environment. Journal of Nanoparticles Research, 12, 1531-1551.

Pinto, V.V., Ferreira, M.J., Silva, R., Santos, H.A., Silva, F., & Pereira, C.M. (2010). Long time effect on the stability of silver nanoparticles in aqueous medium: effect of the synthesis and storage conditions. Colloids Surf. A: Physicochemical and. Engineering. Aspects, 364, 19-25.

Sachdev, D., Kumar, V., Maheshwari, P.H., Pasricha, R., Deepthi, & Baghel, N. (2016). Silver based nanomaterial, as a selective colorimetric sensor for visual detection of post harvest spoilage in onion. Sensor and Actuators B, 228, 471-479.

Shrivas, K., Sahu, S., Patra, G.K., Jaiswal, N.K., & Shankar, R. (2016). Localized surface plasmon resonance of silver nanoparticles for sensitive colorimetric detection of chromium in surface water, industrial waste water, and vegetable samples. Analytical Methods, 8, 2088-2096.

Sun, Y. & Xia, Y. (2002) Shape-controlled synthesis of gold and silver nanoparticles. Science, 298, 2176-2179.

Tejamaya, M., Romer, I., Merrifield, R.C., & Lead, J.R. (2012). Stability of citrate, PVP, and PEG coated silver nanoparticles in ecotoxicology media. Environmental Science and Technology, 46, 7011-7017.

Wiley, B., Sun, Y., Chen, J., Cang, H., Li, Z.Y., Li, X., & Xia, Y. (2005). Shape-controlled synthesis of silver and gold nanostructures. MRS Bulletin, 30, 356-361.

Yang, J., Yin, H., Jia., & Wei, Y. (2011). Facile synthesis of high-concentration, stable aqueous dispersions of uniform silver nanoparticles using aniline as a reductant. Langmuir, 27, 5047–5053.


Metric logoArticle Metrics

This article has been viewed: 1207 (times)
PDF file viewed / downloaded: 594 (times)


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2018 Molekul

Logo Unsoed


Jurnal Ilmiah Kimia
Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences,
Universitas Jenderal Soedirman, Purwokerto, Indonesia

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.